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Jagarfield

James A. Garfield, 20th President of the United States








20th President
Political Party Republican
Term March 4, 1881 - September 19, 1881  (49)
Vice President Chester A. Arthur
Predecessor Rutherford B. Hayes
Successor Chester A. Arthur




Full Name James Abram Garfield
Birth

November 19, 1831

Moreland Hills, Ohio

Father Abram Garfield  (1799-1833)
Mother Eliza Ballou Garfield  (1801-1888)
Brothers

Thomas Garfield  (1822-1910)

James Ballou Garfield  (1826-1829)

Sisters

Mehitabel Garfield Trowbridge  (1821-1911)

Mary Garfield Larabee  (1824-1884)

Alma Mater

Williams College  (1856)

Hiram College  (1854)

Military Services

Major General

United States Union Army

1861-1863

Occupation

Representative from Ohio's 19th District  (1863-1881)

Lawyer

Teacher

Death

September 19, 1881

Elberon, New Jersey

(49 years)




Marriages
Lucretia Rudolph  (1832-1918)

Married November 11, 1858

(22 years)




Children
Eliza Arabella Garfield

Born July 3, 1860

Died December 3, 1863

(3 years)

Harry Augustus Garfield

(m.1888 Belle Mason)

(3 sons, 3 daughters)

Born October 11, 1863

Died December 12, 1942

(79 years)

James Rudolph Garfield

(m.1890 Helen Newell)

(4 sons)

Born October 17, 1865

Died March 24, 1950

(84 years)

Mary Garfield Stanley-Brown

(m.1888 Joseph Stanley-Brown)

(1 son, 2 daughters)

Born January 16, 1867

Died December 30, 1947

(80 years)

Irvin McDowell Garfield

(m.1906 Susan Emmons)

(1 son, 2 daughters)

Born August 3, 1870

Died July 19, 1951

(80 years)

Abram Garfield

(m.1897 Sarah Williams)

(1 son, 2 daughters)

(m.1947 Helen Matthews)

Born November 21, 1872

Died October 16, 1958

(85 years)

Edward Garfield

Born December 25, 1874

Died October 25, 1876

(1 year)




Presidential Election of 1880
Nominee Running Mate Political Party Popular Vote Electoral Vote
James A. Garfield  (OH) Chester A. Arthur  (NY) Republican 4,446,158  (48.27%) 214
Winfield S. Hancock  (PA) William H. English  (IN) Democratic 4,444,260  (48.25%) 155
James B. Weaver  (IA) Barzillai J. Chambers  (TX) Greenback 305,997  (3.32%) 0
Neal Dow  (ME) Henry A. Thompson  (OH) Prohibition 10,305  (0.11%) 0
John W. Phelps  (VT) Samuel C. Pomeroy  (KS) American 707  (0.01%) 0




Presidential Cabinet
Name Office Term
James G. Blaine  (ME) Secretary of State 1881
William Windom  (MN) Secretary of Treasury 1881
Robert Todd Lincoln  (IL) Secretary of War 1881
Wayne MacVeagh  (PA) Attorney General 1881
William H. Hunt  (LA) Secretary of the Navy 1881
Thomas L. James  (NY) Postmaster General 1881
Samuel J. Kirkwood  (IA) Secretary of the Interior 1881



United States Supreme Court
Nominee Position Term
Morrison Waite  (CT) Chief Justice 1874-1888  (14 years, died)

Nathan Clifford  (ME)

Samuel F. Miller  (IA)

Stephen J. Field  (CA)

Joseph P. Bradley  (NJ)

Ward Hunt  (NY)

John M. Harlan  (KY)

William B. Woods  (OH)

Stanley Matthews  (OH)

Associate Justice

1858-1881  (23 years, died)

1862-1890  (28 years, retired)

1863-1897  (34 years, retired)

1870-1892  (22 years, died)

1872-1882  (10 years, retired)

1877-1911  (34 years, died)

1880-1887  (7 years, died)

1881-1889  (8 years, died)

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