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Jbuchanan

James Buchanan, 15th President of the United States






TermEdit

15th President of the United States
Democratic
March 4, 1857 - March 4, 1861  (65-69)
Preceded by Franklin Pierce
Succeeded by Abraham Lincoln


28th Secretary of State of the United States
March 4, 1845 - March 4, 1849  (53-57)
Preceded by John C. Calhoun
Succeeded by John M. Clayton


DataEdit

Full Name James Buchanan Jr.
Born April 23, 1791
Birthplace Cove Gap, Pennsylvania
Alma Mater Dickinson College  (1809)
Died June 1, 1868  (77 years)
Deathplace Lancaster, Pennsylvania


ParentsEdit

James Buchanan
Born January 1, 1761
Father John Buchanan  (1716-1802) (86 years)
Mother Jane Russell  (1730-64) (34 years)
Marriage 1788 - 1821  (33 years, died)
Died June 11, 1821  (60 years)


Elizabeth Speer
Born April 16, 1767
Father James Speer  (1720-82) (62 years)
Mother Mary Patterson  (1730-88) (58 years)
Children 11
Died  May 14, 1833  (66 years)


SiblingsEdit

1. Mary Buchanan  (1789-91) (2 years)

2. Jane Ann Buchanan  (1793-1839) (46 years)

(married 1813  Elliott Lane  (1790-1840) (50 years))

3. Maria Buchanan  (1795-1849) (54 years)

(married 1815  Thomas Johnson  (1790-1818) (28 years))

(married 1820  Jesse Magaw  (1786-1823) (37 years))

(married 1826  Charles Yates  (1804-91) (87 years))

4. Sarah Buchanan  (1798-1825) (27 years)

(married 1819  James Huston  (1797-1894) (97 years))

5. Elizabeth Buchanan  (1800-01) (1 year)

6. Harriet Buchanan  (1802-40) (38 years)

(married 1832  Robert Henry  (1801-38) (37 years))

7. John Buchanan  (1804-04) (1 day)
8. William Speer Buchanan  (1805-26) (21 years)
9. George Washington Buchanan  (1808-32) (24 years)

10. Edward Young Buchanan  (1811-95) (84 years)

(married 1833  Ann Foster  (1812-91) (79 years))


OccupationEdit

United States Minister to the United Kingdom  (1853-56)

U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania  (1834-45)

United States Minister to Russia  (1832-33)

Chairman of the House Committee on the Judiciary  (1829-31)

U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania's 4th District  (1823-31)

U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania's 3rd District  (1821-23)

Member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives (1814-16)

Lawyer


Military ServiceEdit

Private in the Pennsylvania State Militia  (1813-14)


Presidential Election of 1856Edit

1. James Buchanan
Birth/Death 1791 - 1868  (77 years)
State Pennsylvania
Occupation Former U.S. Minister to the United Kingdom  (1853-56)
Political Party Democratic
Vice President

John C. Breckinridge  (1821-75) (KY)

Former Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Kentucky  (1851-55)

Popular Vote 1, 836, 072  (45.28%)
Electoral Vote 174  (19 states)


2. John C. Frémont
Birth/Death 1813 - 1890  (77 years)
State California
Occupation Former U.S. Senator from California  (1850-51)
Political Party Republican
Vice President

William L. Dayton  (1807-64) (NJ)

Former U.S. Senator from New Jersey  (1842-51)

Popular Vote 1, 342, 345  (33.11%)
Electoral Vote 114  (11 states)


3. Millard Fillmore
Birth/Death 1800 - 1874  (74 years)
State New York
Occupation Former President of the United States  (1850-53)
Political Party American (Know-Nothing)
Vice President

Andrew Jackson Donelson  (1799-1871) (TN)

Former U.S. Envoy to Prussia  (1846-49)

Popular Vote 873, 053  (21.53%)
Electoral Vote 8  (1 state)


Vice PresidentEdit

John C. Breckinridge  (1821-75) KY 1857-61


CabinetEdit

Secretary of State
Lewis Cass  (1782-1866) MI 1857-60
William Hunter  (1805-86) RI 1860
Jeremiah S. Black  (1810-83) PA 1860-61


Secretary of the Treasury
Howell Cobb  (1815-68) GA 1857-60
Philip Francis Thomas  (1810-90) MD 1860-61
John Adams Dix  (1798-1879) NY 1861


Secretary of War
John B. Floyd  (1806-63) VA 1857-60
Joseph Holt  (1807-94) KY 1861


Attorney General
Jeremiah S. Black  (1810-83) PA 1857-60
Edwin Stanton  (1814-69) PA 1860-61


Secretary of the Navy
Isaac Toucey  (1792-1869) CT 1857-61


Postmaster General
Aaron V. Brown  (1795-1859) TN 1857-59
Joseph Holt  (1807-94) KY 1859-61
Horatio King  (1811-97) ME 1861


Secretary of the Interior
Jacob Thompson  (1810-85) MS 1857-61


United States Supreme CourtEdit

Chief Justice
Roger B. Taney  (1777-1864) MD 1836-64  (28 years)


Associate Justices
John McLean  (1785-1861) OH 1829-61  (32 years)
James Moore Wayne  (1790-1867) GA 1835-67  (32 years)
John Catron  (1786-1865) TN 1837-65  (28 years)
Peter Vivian Daniel  (1784-1860) VA 1841-60  (19 years)
Samuel Nelson  (1792-1875) NY 1845-72  (27 years)
Robert Cooper Grier  (1794-1870) PA 1846-70  (24 years)
Benjamin Curtis Robbins  (1809-74) MA 1851-57  (6 years)
John Archibald Campbell  (1811-89) GA 1853-61  (8 years)
Nathan Clifford  (1803-81) ME 1858-81  (23 years)