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Jbuchanan

James Buchanan, 15th President of the United States









15th President
Political Party Democratic
Term March 4, 1857 - March 4, 1861  (65-69)
Vice President John C. Breckinridge
Predecessor Franklin Pierce
Successor Abraham Lincoln




Full Name James Buchanan Jr.
Born

April 23, 1791

Mercersburg, Pennsylvania

Father James Buchanan  (1761-1821)
Mother Elizabeth Speer Buchanan  (1767-1833)
Brothers

John Buchanan  (1804-1804)

William Speer Buchanan  (1805-1826)

George Washington Buchanan  (1808-1832)

Edward Young Buchanan  (1811-1895)

Sisters

Mary Buchanan  (1789-1791)

Jane Buchanan Lane  (1793-1839)

Maria Buchanan Yates  (1795-1849)

Sarah Buchanan Huston  (1798-1825)

Elizabeth Buchanan  (1800-1801)

Harriet Buchanan Henry  (1802-1840)

Alma Mater Dickinson College  (1809)
Military Services

Volunteer Soldier

1814

Occupation

United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom  (1853-1856)

17th United States Secretary of State  (1845-1849)

U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania  (1834-1845)

United States Ambassador to Russia  (1832-1833)

Representative from Pennsylvania's 4th District  (1823-1831)

Representative from Pennsylvania's 3rd District  (1821-1823)

Member of the Pennsylvania State House of Representatives  (1815-1816)

Lawyer

Death

June 1, 1868

Lancaster, Pennsylvania

(77 years)




Marriages
None




Children
None




Presidential Election of 1856
Nominee Running Mate Political Party Popular Vote Electoral Vote
James Buchanan  (PA) John C. Breckinridge  (KY) Democratic 1,836,072  (45.3%) 174
John C. Fremont  (CA) William L. Dayton  (NJ) Republican 1,342,345  (33.1%) 114
Millard Fillmore  (NY) Andrew J. Donelson  (TN) American 873,053  (21.6%) 8




Presidential Cabinet
Name Office Term

Lewis Cass  (MI)

Jeremiah S. Black  (PA)

Secretary of State

1857-1860

1860-1861

Howell Cobb  (GA)

Philip F. Thomas  (MD)

John Adams Dix  (NY)

Secretary of Treasury

1857-1860

1860-1861

1861

John B. Floyd  (VA)

Joseph Holt  (KY)

Secretary of War

1857-1860

1860-1861

Jeremiah S. Black  (PA)

Edwin Stanton  (OH)

Attorney General

1857-1860

1860-1861

Isaac Toucey  (CT) Secretary of the Navy 1857-1861

Aaron V. Brown  (TN)

Joseph Holt  (KY)

Horatio King  (ME)

Postmaster General

1857-1859

1859-1860

1861

Jacob Thompson  (MS) Secretary of the Interior 1857-1861




United States Supreme Court
Nominee Position Term
Roger B. Taney  (MD) Chief Justice 1836-1864  (28 years, died)

John McLean  (OH)

James M. Wayne  (GA)

John Catron  (TN)

Peter V. Daniel  (VA)

Samuel Nelson  (NY)

Robert C. Grier  (PA)

Benjamin R. Curtis  (MA)

John A. Campbell  (AL)

Nathan Clifford  (ME)

Associate Justice

1829-1861  (32 years, died)

1835-1867  (32 years, died)

1837-1865  (28 years, died)

1841-1860  (19 years, died)

1845-1872  (27 years, retired)

1846-1870  (24 years, retired)

1851-1857  (6 years, retired)

1853-1861  (8 years, retired)

1858-1881  (23 years, died)

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