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JMonroe5

James Monroe, 5th President of the United States





TermEdit

5th President of the United States
Democratic-Republican
March 4, 1817 - March 4, 1825  (58-66)
Preceded by James Madison
Succeeded by John Quincy Adams


8th Secretary of War of the United States
September 27, 1814 - March 2, 1815  (56)
Preceded by John Armstrong Jr.
Succeeded by William H. Crawford


10th Secretary of State of the United States
April 2, 1811 - March 3, 1817  (52-58)
Preceded by Robert Smith
Succeeded by John Graham


16th Governor of Virginia
January 19, 1811 - April 3, 1811  (52)
Preceded by John Tyler
Succeeded by George William Smith


12th Governor of Virginia 
December 19, 1799 - December 1, 1802  (41-44)
Preceded by James Wood
Succeeded by John Page


DataEdit

Full Name James Monroe
Born April 28, 1758
Birthplace Monroe Hall, Virginia
Alma Mater College of William and Mary  (1776)
Died  July 4, 1831  (73 years)
Deathplace New York City, New York


ParentsEdit

Spence Monroe
Born 1727
Father: Andrew Monroe  (1690-1735) (45 years)
Mother: Christiana Tyler  (1697-1754) (57 years)
Married: 1752-72  (20 years, widowed)
Died February 16, 1774  (46-47 years)


Elizabeth Jones
Born 1730
Father: James Jones  (1695-1744) (49 years)
Mother: Hester Davis  (1699-1762) (63 years)
Children: 5
Died 1772  (41-42 years)


SiblingsEdit

1. Elizabeth Monroe  (1754-1812) (58 years)

(married 1773  William Buckner  (1753-1800) (47 years))

2. Spence Monroe  (1759-74) (15 years)

3. Andrew Monroe  (1762-1836) (75 years)

(married 1780  Ann Bell  (1760-1825) (65 years))

4. Joseph Jones Monroe  (1764-1824) (60 years)

(married 1791  Elizabeth Kerr  (1772-1800) (28 years))

(married 1801  Sarah Gordon  (1769-1806) (37 years))

(married 1808  Elizabeth Glasscock  (1762-1819) (57 years))


MarriagesEdit

1. Elizabeth Kortright
Born June 30, 1768
Father: Lawrence Kortright  (1728-94) (66 years)
Mother: Hannah Aspinwall  (1735-77) (42 years)
Married: February 16, 1786 - September 23, 1830  (44 years, widowed)
Died September 23, 1830  (62 years)


ChildrenEdit

1. Eliza Kortright Monroe
Born December 5, 1786
Husband: George Hay  (1765-1830) (65 years)
Married: October 17, 1808 - September 21, 1830  (21 years, widowed)
Children: Hortensia
Died January 27, 1840  (53 years)


2. James Spence Monroe
Born May 12, 1799
Died September 28, 1800  (1 year)


3. Maria Hester Monroe
Born June 9, 1803
Husband: Samuel Laurence Gouverneur  (1799-1865) (66 years)
Married: March 9, 1820 - June 20, 1850  (30 years, died)
Children: James, Elizabeth, Samuel
Died June 20, 1850  (47 years)


OccupationEdit

United States Minister to the United Kingdom  (1803-07)

United States Minister to France  (1794-96)

U.S. Senator from Virginia  (1790-94)

Delegate from Virginia to the Congress of the Confederation  (1783-86)

Planter

Lawyer




Military ServiceEdit

Colonel in the Virginia State Militia  (1777-80)

Major in the United States Continental Army  (1775-77)




Presidential Election of 1816Edit

Democratic-Republican Presidential Primary
Nominee State Votes
James Monroe VA 65
William H. Crawford GA 54


Democratic-Republican Vice Presidential Primary
Nominee State Votes
Daniel D. Tompkins NY 85
Simon Snyder PA 30


Federalist Party Ticket
Nominee State
Rufus King NY
John Eager Howard MD


General Election
Nominee State Political Party Popular Votes Elector Votes

James Monroe

Daniel D. Tompkins

VA

NY

Democratic-Republican 76, 592 (68.2%) 183

Rufus King

John Eager Howard

NY

MD

Federalist 34, 740 (30.9%) 34



Presidential Election of 1820Edit

General Election
Nominee State Political Party Popular Votes Electoral Votes

James Monroe

(Incumbent)

Daniel D. Tompkins

VA

NY

Democratic-Republican 87, 343 (80.61%) 228
DeWitt Clinton NY Democratic-Republican 1, 893 (1.75%) 0

John Quincy Adams

Richard Rush

MA

PA

Democratic-Republican/Federalist 0 1



Vice PresidentEdit

Daniel D. Tompkins  (1774-1825) NY 1817-25



CabinetEdit

Secretary of State
John Graham  (1774-1820) KY 1817
Richard Rush  (1780-1859) PA 1817
John Quincy Adams  (1767-1848) MA 1817-25


Secretary of the Treasury
William H. Crawford  (1772-1834) GA 1817-25


Secretary of War
John C. Calhoun  (1782-1850) SC 1817-25


Attorney General
Richard Rush  (1780-1859) PA 1817
William Wirt  (1772-1834) VA 1817-25


Secretary of the Navy
Benjamin Williams Crowninshield  (1772-1851) MA 1817-18
Smith Thompson  (1768-1843) NY 1819-23
Samuel L. Southard  (1787-1842) NJ 1823-25



United States Supreme CourtEdit

Chief Justice
John Marshall  (1755-1835) VA 1800-35  (35 years)


Associate Justices
Bushrod Washington  (1762-1829) VA 1798-1829  (31 years)
William Johnson  (1771-1834) SC 1804-34  (30 years)
Henry Brockholst Livingston  (1757-1823) NY 1806-23  (17 years)
Thomas Todd  (1765-1826) VA 1807-26  (19 years)
Gabriel Duvall  (1752-1844) MD 1811-35  (24 years)
Joseph Story  (1779-1845) MA 1811-45  (34 years)
Smith Thompson  (1768-1843) NY 1823-43  (20 years)