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Whtaft

William Howard Taft, 27th President of the United States






TermEdit

10th Chief Justice of the United States
Republican
July 11, 1921 - February 3, 1930  (63-72)
Preceded by Edward Douglass White
Succeeded by Charles Evans Hughes


27th President of the United States
March 4, 1909 - March 4, 1913  (51-55)
Preceded by Theodore Roosevelt
Succeeded by Woodrow Wilson


42nd Secretary of War of the United States
February 1, 1904 - June 30, 1908  (46-50)
Preceded by Elihu Root
Succeeded by Luke Edward Wright


DataEdit

Full Name William Howard Taft
Born September 15, 1857
Birthplace Cincinnati, Ohio
Alma Mater

Yale University  (B.A. 1878)

University of Cincinnati  (LL.B. 1880)

Died March 8, 1930  (72 years)
Deathplace Washington, D.C.


ParentsEdit

Alphonso Taft
Born November 5, 1810
Father Peter Rawson Taft  (1785-1867) (82 years)
Mother Sylvia Howard  (1793-1866) (73 years)
Marriage 1853 - 1891  (38 years, died)
Died May 21, 1891  (80 years)


Louisa Maria Torrey
Born September 11, 1827
Father Samuel Davenport Torrey  (1789-1877) (88 years)
Mother Susan Holman Waters  (1803-66) (63 years)
Children 5
Died December 7, 1907  (80 years)


SiblingsEdit

Paternal Half-Siblings

1. Charles Phelps Taft  (1843-1929) (86 years)

(married 1873  Anna Sinton  (1850-1931) (81 years))

2. Peter Rawson Taft  (1846-89) (43 years)

(married 1876  Anne Hulbert  (1858-1923) (65 years))

3. Mary Taft  (1848-48) (5 days)
4. Alphonso Taft Jr.  (1850-51) (1 year)
5. Alphonso Taft Jr.  (1851-52) (1 year)


6. Samuel Davenport Taft  (1855-56) (1 year)

7. Henry Waters Taft  (1859-1945) (86 years)

(married 1883  Julia Smith  (1858-1942) (84 years))

8. Horace Dutton Taft  (1861-1943) (82 years)

(married 1892  Winifred Thompson  (1860-1909) (49 years))

9. Frances Louise Taft  (1865-1950) (85 years)

(married 1890  William Edwards  (1860-1933) (73 years))


MarriagesEdit

1. Helen Louise Herron
Born June 2, 1861
Father John Williamson Herron  (1827-1912) (85 years)
Mother Harriet Anne Collins  (1833-1902) (69 years)
Marriage June 19, 1886 - March 8, 1930  (43 years, died)
Died May 22, 1943  (81 years)


ChildrenEdit

1. Robert Alphonso Taft
Born September 8, 1889
Wife Martha Wheaton Bowers  (1889-1958) (69 years)
Marriage October 17, 1914 - July 31, 1953  (38 years, died)
Children William, Robert, Lloyd, Horace
Died July 31, 1953  (63 years)


2. Helen Herron Taft
Born August 1, 1891
Husband Frederick Johnson Manning  (1894-1966) (72 years)
Marriage July 15, 1920 - December 15, 1966  (46 years, widowed)
Children Helen, Caroline
Died February 2, 1987  (95 years)


3. Charles Phelps Taft
Born September 20, 1897
Wife Eleanor Kellogg Chase  (1894-1961) (67 years)
Marriage October 6, 1917 - August 28, 1961  (43 years, widowed)
Children Eleanor, Sylvia, Seth, Lucia, Cynthia, Rosalyn, Peter
Died June 24, 1983  (85 years)


OccupationEdit

Provisional Governor of Cuba  (1906)

Governor-General of the Philippines  (1901-03)

Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit  (1892-1900)

Solicitor General of the United States  (1890-92)

Judge on the Superior Court of Cincinnati  (1887-90)

Collector of Internal Revenue for Ohio's 1st District  (1882-83)

Assistant Prosecutor of Hamilton County, Ohio  (1880-82)

Lawyer

Journalist


Presidential Election of 1908Edit

1. William Howard Taft
Birth/Death 1857 - 1930  (73 years)
State Ohio
Occupation Former Secretary of War of the United States  (1904-08)
Political Party Republican
Vice President

James S. Sherman  (1855-1912) (NY)

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York  (1893-1909)

Popular Vote 7, 678, 335  (51.57%)
Electoral Vote 321  (30 states)


2. William Jennings Bryan
Birth/Death 1860 - 1925  (65 years)
State Nebraska
Occupation Former Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Nebraska  (1891-95)
Political Party Democratic
Vice President

John W. Kern  (1849-1917) (IN)

Former City Solicitor of Indianapolis, Indiana  (1897-1901)

Popular Vote 6, 408, 979  (43.04%)
Electoral Vote 162  (17 states)


3. Eugene V. Debs
Birth/Death 1855 - 1926  (71 years)
State Indiana
Occupation Former Member of the Indiana State General Assembly  (1885-87)
Political Party Socialist
Vice President

Ben Hanford  (1861-1910) (NY)

Printer, Labor Organizer, and Pamphleteer

Popular Vote 420, 852  (2.83%)
Electoral Vote 0


4. Eugene W. Chafin
Birth/Death 1852 - 1920  (68 years)
State Illinois
Occupation Lawyer, Writer, and Historian
Political Party Prohibition
Vice President

Aaron S. Watkins  (1863-1941) (OH)

Lawyer, Methodist Minister, and Educator

Popular Vote 254, 087  (1.71%)
Electoral Vote 0


5. Thomas L. Hisgen
Birth/Death 1858 - 1925  (67 years)
State Massachusetts
Occupation Oil Executive
Political Party Independence
Vice President

John Temple Graves  (1856-1925) (GA)

Journalist and Newspaper Editor

Popular Vote 82, 574  (0.55%)
Electoral Vote 0


6. Thomas E. Watson
Birth/Death 1856 - 1922  (66 years)
State Georgia
Occupation Former Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Georgia  (1891-93)
Political Party Populist
Vice President

Samuel Williams  (1851-1913) (IN)

Lawyer and Judge

Popular Vote 28, 862  (0.19%)
Electoral Vote 0


7. August Gillhaus
Birth/Death 1862 - 1932  (70 years)
State New York
Occupation Labor Organizer
Political Party Socialist Labor
Vice President

Donald L. Munro  (1865-1940) (VA)

Miner and Labor Organizer

Popular Vote 14, 031  (0.09%)
Electoral Vote 0


Vice PresidentEdit

James S. Sherman  (1855-1912) NY 1909-12


CabinetEdit

Secretary of State
Philander C. Knox  (1853-1921) PA 1909-13


Secretary of the Treasury
Franklin MacVeagh  (1837-1934) IL 1909-13


Secretary of War
Jacob M. Dickinson  (1851-1928) TN 1909-11
Henry L. Stimson  (1867-1950) NY 1911-13


Attorney General
George W. Wickersham  (1858-1936) NY 1909-13


Secretary of the Navy
George von Lengerke Meyer  (1858-1918) MA 1909-13


Postmaster General
Frank Harris Hitchcock  (1867-1935) OH 1909-13


Secretary of the Interior
Richard A. Ballinger  (1858-1922) WA 1909-11
Walter L. Fisher  (1862-1935) IL 1911-13


Secretary of Agriculture
James Wilson  (1835-1920)  IA 1909-13


Secretary of Commerce and Labor
Charles Nagel  (1849-1940) MO 1909-13


United States Supreme CourtEdit

Chief Justice
Melville Fuller  (1833-1910) ME 1888-1910  (22 years)
Edward Douglass White  (1845-1921) LA 1910-21  (11 years)


Associate Justices
John Marshall Harlan  (1833-1911) KY 1877-1911  (34 years)
David Josiah Brewer  (1837-1910) KS 1889-1910  (21 years)
Edward Douglass White  (1845-1921) LA 1894-1910  (16 years)
Rufus Wheeler Peckham  (1838-1909) NY 1895-1909  (14 years)
Joseph McKenna  (1843-1926) CA 1897-1925  (28 years)
Oliver Wendall Holmes Jr.  (1841-1935) MA 1902-32  (30 years)
William R. Day  (1849-1923) OH 1903-22  (19 years)
William Henry Moody  (1853-1917) MA 1906-10  (4 years)
Horace Harmon Lurton  (1844-1914) TN 1909-14  (5 years)
Charles Evans Hughes  (1862-1948) NY 1910-16  (6 years)
Willis Van Deventer  (1859-1941) WY 1910-37  (26 years)
Joseph Rucker Lamar  (1857-1916) GA 1910-16  (6 years)
Mahlon Pitney  (1858-1924) NJ 1912-22  (10 years)