William Howard Taft, 27th President of the United States

27th President
Political Party Republican
Term March 4, 1909 - March 4, 1913  (51-55)
Vice President James S. Sherman  1909-1912
Predecessor Theodore Roosevelt
Successor Woodrow Wilson

Full Name William Howard Taft

September 15, 1857

Cincinnati, Ohio

Father Alphonso Taft  (1810-1891)
Mother Louisa Maria Torrey Taft  (1827-1907)

Charles Phelps Taft  (1843-1929, Paternal Half-Brother)

Peter Rawson Taft  (1846-1889, Paternal Half-Brother)

Alphonso Taft  (1850-1851, Paternal Half-Brother)

Alphonso Taft  (1851-1852, Paternal Half-Brother)

Samuel Davenport Taft  (1855-1856)

Henry Waters Taft  (1859-1945)

Horace Dutton Taft  (1861-1943)


Mary Taft  (1848-1848, Paternal Half-Sister)

Frances Taft Edwards  (1865-1950)

Alma Mater

University of Cincinnati  (B.L. 1880)

Yale University  (B.S. 1878)


10th Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court (1921-1930)

Acting Governor of Cuba  (1906)

42nd United States Secretary of War  (1904-1908)

Governor of the Philippines  (1901-1903)

Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit (1892-1901)

6th United States Solicitor General  (1890-1892)



March 8, 1930

Washington, D.C.

(72 years)

Helen Louise Herron  (1861-1943)

Married June 19, 1886

(43 years)


Robert Alphonso Taft

(m.1914 Martha Bowers)

(4 sons)

Born September 8, 1889

Died July 31, 1953

(63 years)

Helen Herron Taft Manning

(m.1920 Frederick Manning)

(2 daughters)

Born August 1, 1891

Died February 21, 1987

(95 years)

Charles Phelps Taft

(m.1917 Eleanor Chase)

(2 sons, 5 daughters)

Born September 20, 1897

Died June 24, 1983

(85 years)

Presidential Election of 1908
Nominees Running Mates Political Party Popular Vote Electoral Vote
William Howard Taft  (OH) James S. Sherman  (NY) Republican 7,678,335  (51.57%) 321
William J. Bryan  (NE) John W. Kern  (IN) Democratic 6,408,979  (43.04%) 162
Eugene V. Debs  (IN) Benjamin Hanford  (NY) Socialist 420,852  (2.83%) 0
Eugene W. Chafin  (IL) Aaron S. Watkins  (OH) Prohibition 254,087  (1.71%) 0
Thomas L. Hisgen  (MA) John T. Graves  (GA) Independence 82,574  (0.55%) 0
Thomas E. Watson  (GA) Samuel Williams  (IN) Populist 28,862  (0.19%) 0
August Gillhaus  (NY) Donald L. Munro  (VA) Socialist Labor 14,031  (0.09%) 0

Presidential Cabinet
Name Office Term
Philander C. Knox  (PA) Secretary of State 1909-1913
Franklin MacVeagh  (IL) Secretary of Treasury 1909-1913

Jacob M. Dickinson  (IL)

Henry L. Stinson  (NY)

Secretary of War



George W. Wickersham  (NY) Attorney General 1909-1913
George V. Meyer  (MA) Secretary of the Navy 1909-1913
Frank H. Hitchcock  (OH) Postmaster General 1909-1913

Richard A. Ballinger  (WA)

Walter L. Fisher  (IN)

Secretary of the Interior



James Wilson  (IA) Secretary of Agriculture 1909-1913
Charles Nagel  (MO) Secretary of Commerce and Labor 1909-1913

United States Supreme Court
Nominee Position Term

Melville Fuller  (ME)

Edward D. White  (LA)

Chief Justice

1888-1910  (22 years, died)

1910-1921  (11 years, died)

John M. Harlan  (KY)

David J. Brewer  (KS)

Rufus W. Peckham  (NY)

Joseph McKenna  (CA)

Oliver W. Holmes Jr.  (MA)

William R. Day  (OH)

William H. Moody  (MA)

Horace H. Lurton  (TN)

Charles E. Hughes  (NY)

Willis Van Devanter  (WY)

Joseph R. Lamar  (GA)

Mahlon Pitney  (NJ)

Associate Justice

1877-1911  (34 years, died)

1889-1910  (21 years, died)

1895-1909  (14 years, died)

1898-1925  (27 years, retired)

1902-1932  (30 years, retired)

1903-1922  (19 years, retired)

1906-1910  (4 years, retired)

1909-1914  (5 years, died)

1910-1916  (6 years, retired)

1910-1937  (27 years, retired)

1910-1916  (6 years, died)

1912-1922  (10 years, retired)

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